Monthly Archives: April 2019

With
a general anesthetic you will be placed in an unconscious condition for the
duration of the surgery. During general anesthesia, the processes of processing
at the level of the brain of the nerve impulses that transmit pain and of those
that transmit the perception of the external world, are blocked, thus making
the patient insensitive to painful stimulations and totally unconscious..

General Ones

So
general anesthesia is a technique in which the patient is rendered completely
unconscious and insensitive to painful stimulation. General anesthesia allows
the realization of three fundamental conditions:

  • analgesia
    (she does not feel pain)
  • amnesia
    (she remembers nothing)
  • Muscle
    paralysis (his muscles are lacking in tone and therefore released).

Once
you arrive in the operating room, your anesthesiologist will be close to you
and will take care of you until you return to your room. Generally, the first
thing your anesthesiologist will do is introduce a plastic cannula into a vein
in your hand or forearm through which you will be given anesthetic drugs and
saline solutions to maintain your body’s water balance during the surgical
procedure.

The Most Initial
Phase

These
initial phases could be carried out in a dedicated area, located near the
operating room. Furthermore, your anesthesiologist will check your vital data
through equipment or instruments that will not cause you any discomfort. The
following parameters will be checked continuously:

  • blood
    pressure
  • electrocardiogram
    and heart rate
  • blood
    oxygenation
  • body
    temperature
  • amount
    of anesthetics administered
  • carbon
    dioxide eliminated
  • quantity
    of urine produced
  • breathing
  • depth
    of anesthesia

These
parameters are mandatory in any type of anesthesia. In particular clinical
conditions and for particular surgical interventions (heart, transplants,
neurosurgery etc.) additional methods could be used to control other specific
parameters for that type of Anesthesia and surgery. Of all this your
anesthesiologist will inform you at the time of the preoperative interview. From
Dr. Narider S. Grewal now you will be getting all the details for
the same.

  • Before
    being asleep, you can be given oxygen through a mask that will be placed in
    front of your face. This will be the last thing you will remember before waking
    up. For most interventions performed under general anesthesia, the
    anesthesiologist will place a tube (endotracheal tube) in the airway with an
    instrument called a ‘laryngoscope’ when she is in a state of total
    unconsciousness.
  • Alternative
    methods to the endotracheal tube currently exist. They are much less irritating
    to the trachea and larynx, and therefore much more comfortable for the patient.
    In fact they avoid the discomfort of sore throats, which is a complication
    almost always present when you wake up, when you use the tubes placed in the
    trachea. Among these methods, the most used is the Laryngeal Mask. You will not
    be able to remember these events at all.

It
is completely unlikely that you can remember anything of your speech, as the
anesthesiologist will put you in a position to prevent this from happening,
constantly ensuring control of your vital functions, breathing and the
continuous administration of anesthetic substances by means of equipment
sophisticated called anesthesia device.